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Turkmenistan 2019 Crime & Security Report

Turkmen tribal structure did embrace a frontrunner or chief , however these positions, too, were principally honorary and advisory, based on kinship ties and perceived wisdom. Real energy was positioned among the many group’s older members, whose recommendation and consent normally have been required previous to any vital endeavor. Although women hardly ever assumed distinguished political rank and energy, there have been cases of influential female leaders in the nineteenth century. Turkmen society acknowledges a class construction, ideologically primarily based on Marxist doctrine, composed of intelligentsia, workers, and peasants. In practical phrases, the intelligentsia and peasantry encompass Turkmen, while the worker class is the area of Russians. Power and a few wealth are related to the Western-oriented intelligentsia, who hold the important thing positions in government, trade, and schooling.

In an opinion issued in April, the UN Human Rights Committee discovered Turkmenistan responsible for the 2006 torture and death of human rights activist Ogulsapar Muradova. She died in Ovadandepe, shortly after her arrest and trial on politically motivated costs. Homosexual conduct is a criminal offense under Turkmen legislation, punishable by a maximum two-12 months jail sentence. The Turkmen authorities rejected suggestions, made during Turkmenistan’s Universal Periodic Review on the United Nations Human Rights Council in May, to decriminalize homosexual conduct. Starting on the finish of 2017, authorities for the primary time allowed some household visits to Ovadandepe.

Equality Earlier Than The Law

The majority of the inhabitants that accesses the Internet does so via cellphone. With limited opportunities for online purchasing and censored web sites, Internet crime by Turkmen actors just isn’t prevalent. Authorities arrested the head of the Turkmen Demir Onumleri authorities agency for purchasing state-produced products at government charges and reselling at inflated costs.

They also complain that the worldwide Jehovah’s Witness web site, , is blocked in Turkmenistan. Protestant women celebrating Christmas are the newest victims of police raids on worship conferences. Officers searched the house, seized telephones, pressured the women to put in writing down statements and took photos and fingerprints. Officials sometimes summon and threaten of us identified to be religious (together with men who attend mosque, women who placed on headscarves, and Jehovah’s Witnesses).

In late August-early September, in-country calls and calls from abroad using Internet Protocols had been blocked. In October, access to Yandex and Google browsers have been blocked for two days. In May, TIHR reported that police briefly detained and questioned women after they surrounded a neighborhood official to express their frustrations over flour shortages.

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As famous previously, the one organization that the federal government identifies in its report as an NGO dedicated to women is the Union of Women – Gurbansultan-Eje. That group, like the other “important social associations” highlighted in the report, has sturdy ties to the government and doesn’t act as an independent entity. The report additionally states that to the Post’s data, the Government of Turkmenistan has not prosecuted any case towards TIP. No official knowledge exist concerning the extent of trafficking in and out of Turkmenistan.

She has extensively covered efforts by Central Asian states to repatriate their citizens who joined Islamic State in Syria and Iraq. Men who work within the nation’s public sector also aren’t allowed to wear their hair lengthy or to develop a beard. The president — who had always dyed his hair pitch black — disappeared from public view for a number of weeks in the summer of 2018 and returned with a new salt-and-pepper look. The ban was first introduced to staff in the Gokdepe district in Ahal Province, and the instructions got in Ashgabat, the capital, quickly afterwards, RFE/RL reported. It was clarified by state officials on the meetings that the nail-polish ban applies each to fingernails and toenails.

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The country adopted a law in 2015 guaranteeing “equal rights and equal opportunity for ladies and men” as a way to attain its goals of international gender equality standards. Paragraphs of the government report addresses problems with maternal health, networks of “Health Houses,” and reproductive health facilities. This suggests that girls haven’t been able to avail themselves of the household planning data and contraception that the federal government claims is on the market to them. This subject demands severe investigation, significantly as Niyazov has called for an growth of the Turkmen population. Massive government cuts in the health care and schooling sectors have left 1000’s of women jobless. As unemployment nears 70 % and 31 % of the population continues to reside below the poverty stage, women struggle to offer for themselves and their families. Interviewees for this report had not heard of a welfare system, and the president’s cuts to the pension system have positioned a further burden on elderly women.

ATN activist Gaspar Matalaev continued to serve a 3-yr jail sentence on false fraud costs in retaliation for monitoring state-sponsored forced labor in the cotton harvest. In May, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention discovered that the federal government’s detention of Gaspar Matalaev was “an try to censor” his human rights activities and really helpful his instant launch. It is against the law for unregistered nongovernmental organizations to function, and strict rules create extreme challenges for teams to register.

The ombudsman enjoys legal immunity and cannot be prosecuted, arrested, or detained for official acts while in workplace. The authorities reported that, as of August 23, 122 NGOs were registered in the country, together with 4 worldwide NGOs.

Contraceptive Prevalence, Any Strategies (% Of Ladies Ages 15

The enactment of the State Health Program of the President in July 1995 created a shift from specialized and hospital-primarily based medicine to prevention and primary care practices instituted by generalist family physicians. More consideration should to be given to the role of men in contraceptive use and family planning. The Turkmen government decriminalized the actions of unregistered nongovernmental organizations in 2004.

The various is for women to travel to a hospital for insertion, which is probably not attainable as a result of women’s responsibilities within the residence and availability of transport. The United Nations Population Fund , in coordination with the Turkmen authorities and the World Health Organization , has made progress in each increasing entry to contraceptives and providing a greater diversity of contraceptive options. The UNFPA provides contraceptives to recently established reproductive health centers and trains medical personnel. While the health beautiful turkmenistan women system has been in decline for the reason that mid-Nineteen Nineties, progress has been made in some areas, including higher entry to a variety of contraceptive technologies. Health policies are based mostly on advert hoc presidential decrees, which can acquire or lose favor without warning. Thus, the key features of the Turkmen health system are instability and insecurity. Yet one other interviewee recalled a time when what was imagined to be a celebration of girls positioned an infinite burden on them.

Ethnic minorities are typically fired from their jobs as a result of they can’t talk Turkmen, and most of the country’s Russian faculties have been closed. In 1999, regardless of a constitutional provision of a 5-yr presidential time interval, the Turkmenistan’s People’s Council elected Niyazov president for life. No official knowledge exist regarding the extent of trafficking out and in of Turkmenistan. Accordingly, the federal government of Turkmenistan maintains that trafficking in people isn’t an issue and devotes little attention and few assets to the problem. However, current deteriorating social, financial and political circumstances throughout the nation contribute to trafficking circumstances and make women increasingly weak. It has become a mandatory day by day fixture in education, the media, and politics, and due to this reality is also considered as an expression of presidency coverage. In many elementary and secondary schools, professional institutes, and universities, it has changed textbooks on standard topics.

The skateboarding founder of Peru Skategirl developed a strategy for her South American nation to show that «skateboarding is not just a male sport.» The city feels prefer it was designed and built for a inhabitants that never materialized. The solely folks reliably found on the road are police officers, who are all over the place, guarding what often seems like nothing. There’s a pair posted up on the entrance to a sq. not far from my resort, they usually tell me I can’t walk via. He additionally utterly rebuilt Ashgabat, which had once been a typical Soviet city, and is now a mix protected house for marble and shrine to Niyazov and his successor, Gurbangaly Berdimuhamedow. Marble buildings proliferate all through the city, which at present holds the Guinness record for “highest density of white marble-clad buildings.” These aren’t elegant marble buildings.

Even in instances where a person is found responsible and imprisoned for domestic violence, he might be able to decrease his sentence by paying a bribe. The president’s policy of granting amnesty to criminals every year on the vacation of «Night of Omnipotence» , mentioned in paragraph forty six of the government report, provides to the overall mistrust of the criminal justice system.